In general, arthritis occurs when your joints swell or feel tender. Osteoarthritis, where the cartilage protecting your bones breaks down, and rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease where your immune system attacks your joints, are the most common types of arthritis.
Other common types of arthritis include:
Less common types of arthritis include septic arthritis, which comes from a penetrating injury that spreads germs through your bloodstream, or reactive arthritis, which occurs when an infection in another part of your body causes joint pain.
Symptoms of arthritis vary depending on the type you have. However, common signs and symptoms include stiffness, swelling, and redness surrounding your joints. You may also experience decreased range of motion depending on the severity and type of arthritis you have.
Causes of arthritis differ depending on the type. Osteoarthritis develops over time due to wear-and-tear damage to your joints or even from a sudden joint injury or infection.
On the other hand, rheumatoid arthritis is more likely to occur if you have a family history of the disease, making you more susceptible to viruses or bacteria that cause such arthritis.
Detecting symptoms of arthritis early could prevent complications that keep you from completing daily tasks, walking with ease, or sitting up straight. Dr. Perez can evaluate your condition and recommend your best treatment options.
At Flex Foot and Ankle, Dr. Perez treats many types of arthritis affecting the foot and ankle. When you visit her office, she will perform a physical exam and typically orders X-rays, and sometimes CT scans are required to determine your bone quality and how arthritis has affected it.
Taking a conservative approach, Dr. Perez treats your arthritis symptoms with a steroid injection to reduce the pain, or custom orthotics to support your feet when you walk and stand.
If your joint pain persists, she may suggest surgical intervention, such as joint repair, joint replacement, or joint fusion to smooth or adjust joints that are causing discomfort.
To learn more about your treatment options and find relief from your arthritis pain, call Flex Foot and Ankle or use the online booking tool to schedule a visit at the Midtown Manhattan office.