Foot and Ankle Specialist in Midtown Manhattan, New York, NY NY


Whether your joints cause you problems due to wear-and-tear or your child suffers from swelling and tenderness around their ankles and feet, arthritis affects individuals of all ages. If you or your child experience frequent aching and discomfort in your joints, contact Flex Foot and Ankle in the Midtown Manhattan area of New York City. There, dual board-certified foot and ankle surgeon E. Giannin Perez, DPM, FACFAS, offers expert diagnosis and treatment of arthritis and its symptoms. Call the office or use the online booking tool to schedule your appointment today.

Arthritis Q&A

In general, arthritis occurs when your joints swell or feel tender. Osteoarthritis, where the cartilage protecting your bones breaks down, and rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease where your immune system attacks your joints, are the most common types of arthritis.

Other common types of arthritis include:

  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Traumatic arthritis
  • Lupus
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Gout
  • Juvenile arthritis
  • Lupus

Less common types of arthritis include septic arthritis, which comes from a penetrating injury that spreads germs through your bloodstream, or reactive arthritis, which occurs when an infection in another part of your body causes joint pain.

Symptoms of arthritis vary depending on the type you have. However, common signs and symptoms include stiffness, swelling, and redness surrounding your joints. You may also experience decreased range of motion depending on the severity and type of arthritis you have.

Causes of arthritis differ depending on the type. Osteoarthritis develops over time due to wear-and-tear damage to your joints or even from a sudden joint injury or infection.

On the other hand, rheumatoid arthritis is more likely to occur if you have a family history of the disease, making you more susceptible to viruses or bacteria that cause such arthritis.

Detecting symptoms of arthritis early could prevent complications that keep you from completing daily tasks, walking with ease, or sitting up straight. Dr. Perez can evaluate your condition and recommend your best treatment options.

At Flex Foot and Ankle PLLC, Dr. Perez treats many types of arthritis affecting the foot and ankle. When you visit her office, she will perform a physical exam and typically orders X-rays, and sometimes CT scans are required to determine your bone quality and how arthritis has affected it.

Taking a conservative approach, Dr. Perez treats your arthritis symptoms with a steroid injection to reduce the pain, or custom orthotics to support your feet when you walk and stand. Blood injections could also help with the inflammation and pain. Read more here.

If your joint pain persists, she may suggest surgical intervention, such as joint repair, joint replacement, or joint fusion to smooth or adjust joints that are causing discomfort.

To learn more about your treatment options and find relief from your arthritic pain, call Flex Foot and Ankle or use the online booking tool to schedule a visit at the Midtown Manhattan office.


Fusion Surgery
Osteochondral lesions


Fusion Surgery
Osteochondral lesions